As families prepared for winter school holidays, Covid outbreaks once again resulted in state border restrictions and cancelled plans.
State and territory health authorities are monitoring the cases and the situation is changing daily. Here is a state-by-state breakdown of where you can and can’t travel and what you need to do before you leave home.
New South Wales
While interstate arrivals are welcome, Sydneysiders are unable to travel to regional NSW until 10 July.
People are barred from leaving the city, except for essential purposes.
Interstate arrivals to NSW – except those from Victoria – do not require a permit.
Travellers from Victoria will need to complete a travel declaration within the 24 hours immediately before entering NSW, or on entry. Anyone who has been to a venue of high concern (listed here) must follow testing and self isolation requirements.
All travellers from anywhere in Australia must apply for a permit to enter Victoria.
However, every area that is currently in lockdown has been declared a “red zone”, meaning their residents are banned from entering Victoria.
That means Greater Sydney and Wollongong in NSW, greater Darwin in the NT, the Perth and Peel region of WA, and south-east Queensland, Townsville, Palm Island and Magnetic Island in Queensland have been declared hotspots.
South-east Queensland includes the local government areas of Noosa, Sunshine Coast, Ipswich, Logan, Redlands, Morton, Brisbane, Gold Coast, the Scenic Rim, the Lockyer Valley, and Somerset.
Victorian residents returning from a red zone can enter the state but must quarantine for 14 days.
The Queensland government has extended border restrictions to all of greater Sydney, including the Central Coast, Blue Mountains, Wollongong and Shellharbour; Darwin, Litchfield and Palmerston in the NT; and to the Perth and Peel region of WA.
People who live in or have visited these areas are barred from entering the state, unless they are granted a special exemption.
If you are a Queensland resident returning from these areas, you will need to quarantine at a hotel for 14 days at your own expense.
If you are not a Queensland resident, and you have been to these areas, you need to apply for an exemption, and if that is granted, you will need to quarantine in a hotel for 14 days at your own expense.
Everyone else will need to complete a travel declaration form up to three days prior to arrival to enter the state.
From 1am on Monday 28 June, NSW border zone residents will also be required to complete a travel declaration to enter Queensland.
Border restrictions with NSW and with Queensland has been reinstated, meaning no one who has been in either state is allowed to enter, without an exemption. That applies to anyone who has been in NSW since 11 June (unless they have since spent 14 days outside of NSW or Queensland).
From 3pm Tuesday 29 June, non-WA residents will not be able to fly into the state from Queensland without an exemption.
Restrictions are in place for people coming from Victoria, the NT and the ACT, which means anyone entering from those states or territories must go through 14 days’ quarantine and be tested.
SA and Tasmania are the only states that do not have quarantine restrictions. Arrivals will still have to complete the mandatory G2G pass registration and declaration, as well as completing a health screening on arrival.
Residents of Perth and the Peel region were put under increased restrictions on Sunday 27 June, but there are no restrictions on travel for them.
Australian Capital Territory
The ACT has issued a stay-at-home order for all of greater Sydney, as well as the Blue Mountains, the Central Coast and Wollongong and Shellharbour, effective from 4pm Friday 25 June.
Non-ACT residents who have been in greater Sydney will not be allowed into the ACT except in limited cases where exemptions are granted, and people who are given an exemption will still need to comply with the stay-at-home order.
Residents arriving back in the ACT who had been in greater Sydney after 4pm Friday 25 June will need to complete an online declaration form, and go direct to where they intend to stay for the stay-at-home period until at least 11.59pm on Friday 2 July.
People in the ACT who left Darwin, Palmerston or Litchfield on or after 4pm Sunday 27 June must also comply with the stay-at-home requirements.
Anyone arriving from Queensland must check the close contact and casual contact exposure locations (listed here). Anyone who has visited a close contact exposure location cannot enter the ACT without an exemption. Anyone who has visited a casual contact location must complete a self-declaration form, and isolate until a negative test result.
Travellers from all other states and jurisdictions can travel freely to the ACT.
South Australia has closed its border with NSW, Western Australia, Queensland, the Northern Territory and the ACT. For NSW, a 100km buffer zone is in place to allow people living near the border, including in Broken Hill, to travel into SA.
South Australian residents, people genuinely relocating to SA, or anyone escaping domestic violence can enter, but will still need to self-quarantine for a fortnight.
People from anywhere in Victoria, or who have visited the area within 14 days of arriving in SA, must get a Covid test on day one and must self-quarantine until a negative result is received. Previously that applied only to Melbourne.
All travellers coming to South Australia must complete the Cross Border Travel Registration form prior to their trip.
All interstate arrivals to the Northern Territory must fill in a border entry form.
People in locked-down parts of NSW, Queensland and WA will not be able to enter without 14 days’ quarantine.
The territory has declared greater Sydney, the Blue Mountains and Wollongong NSW Covid-19 hotspots, meaning visitors from those areas will need to go into quarantine for 14 days.
It has also declared the Perth and Peel regions of WA as hotspots, as well as south-east Queensland, Townsville, Palm Island and Magnetic Island. South-east Queensland includes the local government areas of Noosa, Sunshine Coast, Ipswich, Logan, Redlands, Morton, Brisbane, Gold Coast, the Scenic Rim, the Lockyer Valley, and Somerset.
Anyone currently in the NT who is deemed a close contact by the NSW, Queensland or WA governments must undertake 14 days of quarantine in their home or at a suitable place. Any casual contacts must isolate, get a Covid-19 test and remain in self-quarantine until a negative test is returned.
Travellers from greater Melbourne no longer need to go into quarantine.
Tasmania has closed its borders to any travellers from the greater Sydney area, the Perth and Peel region of WA, and greater Darwin in the NT.
No one from the areas can enter Tasmania unless they have special permission from the deputy state controller.
As with other states and territories, all arrivals into Tasmania must provide their contact and travel details before entering the state.
A ban on people travelling from metropolitan Melbourne has been lifted, with the city downgraded to low risk.
Anyone who has been to an exposure site in Victoria, NSW, ACT and Queensland are not permitted to enter the state.
NZ has suspended quarantine-free travel with Australia until 9.59pm on Tuesday 29 June. People who have visited an exposure site in any state are also barred from travelling to New Zealand within 14 days of visiting that site.
However, from Monday, travellers from Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and ACT will be welcomed back to New Zealand.
Australian travellers will be required to produce a negative Covid-19 test before departing.
Due to the unprecedented and ongoing nature of the coronavirus outbreak, this article is being regularly updated to ensure that it reflects the current situation at the date of publication. Any significant corrections made to this or previous versions of the article will be footnoted in line with Guardian editorial policy.