Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #464 – Watts Up With That?

Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #464 – Watts Up With That?


The Week That Was: 2021-07-24 (July 24, 2021)
Brought to You by SEPP (www.SEPP.org)
The Science and Environmental Policy Project

Quote of the Week: It’s a beautiful thing, the destruction of words…Don’t you see that the whole aim of Newspeak is to narrow the range of thought? In the end we shall make thoughtcrime literally impossible, because there will be no words in which to express it.” –George Orwell, 1984 [H/t Anna Krylov]

Number of the Week: – About 1,200 cubic meters per second in 1804

THIS WEEK:

By Ken Haapala, President, Science and Environmental Policy Project (SEPP)

Floods and Droughts: The Ahr River is a relatively short river roughly 89 kilometers (55 mi) arising in the steep terrain of Rhine Land, Germany, which borders Luxembourg and Belgium. It forms the steep Ahr Valley running east, noted for producing red wines from vineyards terraced in the hillside. Before emptying into the Rhine River, the Ahr broadens out providing flatter land for growing fruits and vegetables. Like all steep river valleys, such as those in West Virginia, the Ahr Valley is subject to flash floods. The last catastrophic one was in 1910.

Beginning July 13, major flooding occurred in Germany and Belgium and to a lesser degree in Holland. According to reports, including The Sunday Times, officials in “Germany knew the floods were coming, but the warnings didn’t work. Weather scientists say a ‘monumental failure of the system’ is directly to blame for the death and devastation triggered by a month’s worth of rain that fell in two days this week.”

According to a July 23, 2021, post on the European Flood Awareness System (EFAS)

What information did EFAS provide in relation to the recent flood events affecting the Rhine and Meuse river basins?

On 9 and 10 July, flood forecasts by the European Flood Awareness System (EFAS) of the Copernicus Emergency Management Service indicated a high probability of flooding for the Rhine River basin, affecting Switzerland and Germany.

The following day, subsequent forecasts also indicated a high risk of flooding for the Meuse River basin, affecting Belgium. The magnitude of the floods forecasted for the Rhine River basin increased significantly in this period.

The first EFAS notifications for the Rhine River basin were sent to the relevant national authorities starting on 10 July. The first EFAS notifications for the Meuse River basin were sent to the relevant national authorities starting on 12 July. With the continuously updated forecasts, more than 25 notifications were sent for specific regions of the Rhine and Meuse River basins in the following days until 14 July.

After the flood, the climate change chorus immediately sprang into action, blaming carbon dioxide-caused climate change, without evidence. German officials parroted the same excuse, also claiming that EFAS covers only large rivers. The response from EFAS was:

“Does EFAS forecast floods only for large rivers?

“EFAS aims at predicting floods for large rivers and their tributaries but provides as well flash flood predictions for smaller scale rivers. In the case of the Meuse and Rhine river flood events both, predictions for the large-scale river sections of the Rhine and Meuse as well as the flash flood predictions for many of the small-scale tributaries of these river basins indicated a high probability of flooding or flash flooding, respectively.”

Why did officials ignore warnings from the European Flood Awareness System (EFAS)? One can only speculate, but it may be the same problem as to why New Orleans officials did not order evacuation of the city before hurricane Katrina caused flooding of the city through Lake Pontchartrain. They were afraid of a false positive – evacuating the city and not having a flood. The officials then blamed climate change and the Bush Administration for their failure.

We are seeing similar issues with the drought in the US western states. Four years ago, many western states experienced heavy rains. For example, water flowed over the emergency spillway Oroville Dam in California, even after the main spill was repaired and operating. The water caused flooding of communities downstream. The flooding was blamed on human-caused climate change. Now the drought is blamed on human-caused climate change. For government officials, it is far easier to blame climate change than to accept responsibility for failure to act when appropriate or to acting inappropriately.

These false claims give rise to the false belief that cutting carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions will prevent extreme weather events. The deception is twofold. First, there is no causal link between CO2 and extreme weather events. The second deception is that reducing CO2 would result in cooling, with a subsequent reduction of extreme weather events. In fact, extreme weather events are a characteristic of cooler climate.

See links under Challenging the Orthodoxy, Science, Policy, and Evidence, Changing Weather. Health, Energy, and Climate, and https://www.efas.eu/en/news/faq-efas-and-recent-flood-events

*******************

Fractional Attribution of Risk (FAR): Cliff Mass has an easy-to-understand explanation why the new fad in Fractional Attribution of Risk (FAR) is largely useless, or worse, greatly misleading. His essay was motivated by the heat wave in the US Northwest and Canadian Southwest, but uses an analogy of flooding, which is appropriate for the flooding in Europe. After explaining the analogy, he states:

This situation is a good example of the golden rule of climate attribution:  the more unusual and extreme the event, the greater the proportion of the event is due to natural variability rather than global warming.

That is, climate change is slow and moderate: compare 50 years of slight warming with the 6 months of natural change between July and January. Therefore, fast changes must be due to natural variability. In discussing FAR, he writes:

“Unfortunately, there are serious flaws in their approach:  climate models fail to produce sufficient natural variability (they underplay the black swans) and their global climate models don’t have enough resolution to correctly simulate critical intense, local precipitation features (from mountain enhancement to thunderstorms).  On top of that, they generally use unrealistic greenhouse gas emissions in their models (too much, often using the RCP8.5 extreme emissions scenario). And there is more, but you get the message.   (I am weather/climate modeler, by the way, and know the model deficiencies intimately.)”

Currently, black swans apply to financial events. But they were important in the development of the scientific method. At one time philosophers in Europe asserted deductive logic could be used to uncover things about the natural world. The argument went along the lines: All swans are white; therefore, if it is a swan, it must be white.

In 1697, black swans were discovered in Australia. The discovery exposed the mistaken assumption, leading to the realization that the assumption must be thoroughly tested against all physical evidence and even if the assumption is not refuted deductions from it are only tentative.

As Mass states, the extreme emissions scenario of the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change are unrealistic. The Representative Concentration Pathways 8.5 (RCP 8.5) results in a calculated CO2-caused warming of the earth’s surface of 8.5 watts per meter squared. According to calculations being used for the upcoming IPCC report, this would result in a surface warming of 2.5 to 4.9 degrees C (4.5 to 8.8 degrees F). There are thousands of “climate science” reports based on this unrealistic assumption.

Mass concludes his essay with a practical warning:

“Many of the climate attribution studies are resulting in headlines that are deceptive and result in people coming to incorrect conclusions about the relative roles of global warming and natural variability in current extreme weather.  Scary headlines and apocalyptic attribution studies needlessly provoke fear.  Furthermore, incorrect, and hyped information results in poor decision-making.  

“Here in Washington State, several politicians fixate on climate change as the cause of current environmental events, while neglecting key actions needed to ensure we are adapted to the current climate (such as restoring our forests, dealing with problematic power infrastructure, improving water quality).  And some media outlets (like a certain major newspaper in Seattle) are aiding such ineffective leaders by pushing an often uninformed and exaggerated climate-change narrative.

“There is little doubt that the Earth is warming and that human emissions are a contributing factor, but many of the extreme events being blamed on global warming are predominantly the result of natural or other causes (such as changes in land use).   If the Earth continues to warm, by the end of the century the impacts of global warming on extremes will increase substantially, something I have shown in my own research. 

“We need to worry about climate change and take steps in both mitigation (reduce greenhouse gas emissions) and adaptation.  But hype and exaggeration of its impacts only undermine the potential for effective action.” [Boldface emphasized in original] See links under Challenging the Orthodoxy and https://www.ipcc.ch/site/assets/uploads/sites/3/2019/11/SROCC_FD_TS_Final.pdf

*******************

Pogo Stick Power: For the past several weeks, TWTW reported on the changes in wind power generation as reported by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), which includes the Columbia River Gorge “where the wind always blows.” The total nameplate generation is 27,879 MW of which 79.5% is hydro and 10.5% (2930 MW) is wind.

This week was another exciting time for those who balance the load having to increase and decrease hydro power with changes in wind power. Midday on the 18th wind power was near zero, went up to 1000 MW for a brief time on the morning of the 19th, then back down to less than 200 MW at midday then up to about 2200 MW at midnight. It has fluctuated between 1000 and 2300 MW from the early morning of July 20 to shortly after midnight on July 21. Since then, it hit zero twice and has not been above 1500 MW (about 50% of nameplate capacity). A rough estimate is that wind has been erratically generating about 20% of nameplate capacity from July 22 to midnight July 24.

In Master Resource, Robert Bradley has a post based on Tom Bethell’s essay “The Electric Windmill.” In a the “Appropriate Community Technology Fair,” sponsored by the Federal Government in 1979, Bethell took a close look at the demonstration of a wind turbine. It was using electricity from the grid to operate, not generating electricity to the grid. Such is the nature of the “alternative energy” zealots in government.

Such actions prompt TWTW to state: The critical issue about wind power is not so much the cost of electricity to the consumer when wind is generating electricity; more importantly, it is the cost of electricity to the consumer when wind is not generating electricity. Why should the taxpayer subsidize expensive machines that raise the cost of reliable electricity when they undermine the financial viability of reliable generation? See links under Challenging the Orthodoxy, Funding Issues, Subsidies and Mandates Forever, and Energy Issues – US.

*******************

The Zombie Reef: The UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) had planned to list Australia’s Great Barrier Reef as “in danger.” Then the “Annual Summary Report of Coral Reef Condition 2020/2021” by the Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS) came out. It stated:

“Over the 35 years of monitoring by AIMS, the reefs of the GBR have shown an ability to recover after disturbances.

“In 2021, widespread recovery was underway, largely due to increases in fast growing Acropora corals.

“Survey reefs experienced low levels of acute stressors over the past 12 months with no prolonged high temperatures or major cyclones. Numbers of outbreaks of crown-of-thorns starfish on survey reefs have generally decreased; however, there remain ongoing outbreaks on some reefs in the Southern GBR.”

The reef has the highest coral cover in 36 years of surveys. UNESCO backed down from the “in danger” classification but kept the “critical” classification. It is important that much of the AIMS research is done in the field, in the water, and not a fly-by which many other “experts” use. See links under Challenging the Orthodoxy.

*******************

Life Flourishing in Acidic Oceans? About 400 million years ago, carbon dioxide levels were very high, perhaps 7 to 10 times greater than they are today. In attempting to establish a relationship between a carbon-silicon cycle and temperatures, a study traces a carbon-silicon cycle over three billion years. What is particularly interesting about the study is the sudden profusion of life both on land and in the water that occurred about 400 million years ago.

This research indicates that the claim that increasing CO2 will harm marine life is highly questionable. See links under Changing Seas

*******************

Holocene Cooling: A study of the tree line across most of Russia shows a cooling starting about 9000 years ago. The abstract states:

“Over most of Russia, forest advanced to or near the current arctic coastline between 9000 and 7000 yr. B.P. and retreated to its present position by between 4000 and 3000 yr. B.P. Forest establishment and retreat was roughly synchronous across most of northern Russia.”

This finding supports the research of H.H. Lamb and recent assertions by the International Commission on Stratigraphy of cooling starting about 8200 years ago. The finding that forests were at or near the coastline of the Arctic Ocean 9000 years ago prompts the question: How did the polar bears survive? The Arctic sea ice must have been largely melted. Of course, those who do not believe the exaggerations used by the Biden administration to declare a “climate crisis” have no such question. See links under Changing Climate and https://stratigraphy.org/ICSchart/ChronostratChart2021-05.pdf

*******************

14th ICCC: The 14th International Conference on Climate Change presented by The Heartland Institute will be October 15 to 17, 2021, at Caesars Palace in Las Vegas. See https://climateconference.heartland.org/

****************

39th Annual Meeting of DDP: The Doctors for Disaster Preparedness will hold their 39th annual meeting “Renew, or ‘Reset’?” in Tucson on July 30 to August 1, 2021 at the Doubletree at Reid Park. Three SEPP directors will be giving presentations: Willie Soon, Sunspots: Hindcasting and Forecasting the Solar Cycle; David Legates, Bloom energy: the Theranos of Thermodynamics; and Howard Hayden, The Magic Trick of Climate Science. Register at http://www.ddponline.org/

****************

SEPP’S APRIL FOOLS AWARD

THE JACKSON

SEPP is conducting its annual vote for the recipient of the coveted trophy, The Jackson, a lump of coal. Readers are asked to nominate and vote for who they think is most deserving, following these criteria:

The voting will close on July 30. Please send your nominee and a brief reason why the person is qualified for the honor to [email protected] The awardee will be announced at the DDP meeting on July 31 or August 1. For a list of past recipients and their accomplishments in earning this honor see http://www.sepp.org/april-fools-award.cfm

****************

NO TWTW NEXT WEEK – Attending DDP meeting.

****************

Number of the Week: – About 1,200 cubic meters per second in 1804: Writing in No Tricks Zone, Fred Mueller discusses historic records along the Ahr River, where the recent floods in Germany were the worst. Using reconstructed flow rates of the river by local historians he estimates that:

“However, both [the recent flood and a 1910 flood] are far overshadowed by the disaster of 1804, whose water discharge, with a peak discharge of about 1,200 m3/s, was twice as massive as the 1910 event. Compared to the current flood, the factor is almost threefold.

From ice cores, the estimate CO2 level in 1800 is 283 ppmv (parts per million volume). In 2021, the maximum (May) estimate from Mauna Loa is 419. How does the 48% increase in CO2 work out in calculating the Fractional Attribution of Risk (FAR) for the 1804 event? See links under Changing Weather and https://www.sealevel.info/co2_and_ch4.html

****************

Science: Is the Sun Rising?

Long-period oscillations of the Sun discovered

By Staff Writers, Gottingen, Germany (SPX). Jul 21, 2021

https://www.spacedaily.com/reports/Long_period_oscillations_of_the_Sun_discovered_999.html

Link to paper Solar inertial modes: Observations, identification, and diagnostic promise

By Laurent Gizon, et al. Astronomy & Astrophysics, Forthcoming

https://www.aanda.org/component/article?access=doi&doi=10.1051/0004-6361/202141462

New sunspot catalogue to improve space weather predictions

Press Release: Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology (SKOLTECH), July 19, 2021

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2021-07/sios-nsc071921.php

Link to paper: Hemispheric sunspot numbers 1874-2020

By A. M. Veronig, et al. Astronomy and Astrophysics, accepted June 2, 2021 (Forthcoming)

https://www.aanda.org/component/article?access=doi&doi=10.1051/0004-6361/202141195

Censorship

Big Bad Tech: When censorship goes corporate

Press Release, Global Warming Policy Forum, July 20, 2021

Link to report Big Bad Tech: When censorship goes corporate

By Donna Laframboise, GWPF, July 2021

https://www.thegwpf.com/content/uploads/2021/07/Laframboise-Big-Tech-Censorship.pdf?mc_cid=6a4e248157&mc_eid=385f70f4f2

“Large technology companies are now in the ascendant.”

[SEPP Comment: The financial rankings change depend on who does them, but the financial strength of these companies is supported in general. In the past, the heads of some of these companies would have been called “robber barons.”]

Challenging the Orthodoxy — NIPCC

Climate Change Reconsidered II: Physical Science

Idso, Carter, and Singer, Lead Authors/Editors, Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate Change (NIPCC), 2013

Summary: https://www.heartland.org/_template-assets/documents/CCR/CCR-II/Summary-for-Policymakers.pdf

Climate Change Reconsidered II: Biological Impacts

Idso, Idso, Carter, and Singer, Lead Authors/Editors, Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate Change (NIPCC), 2014

http://climatechangereconsidered.org/climate-change-reconsidered-ii-biological-impacts/

Summary: https://www.heartland.org/media-library/pdfs/CCR-IIb/Summary-for-Policymakers.pdf

Climate Change Reconsidered II: Fossil Fuels

By Multiple Authors, Bezdek, Idso, Legates, and Singer eds., Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate Change, April 2019

http://store.heartland.org/shop/ccr-ii-fossil-fuels/

Download with no charge:

http://climatechangereconsidered.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/Climate-Change-Reconsidered-II-Fossil-Fuels-FULL-Volume-with-covers.pdf

Why Scientists Disagree About Global Warming

The NIPCC Report on the Scientific Consensus

By Craig D. Idso, Robert M. Carter, and S. Fred Singer, Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate Change (NIPCC), Nov 23, 2015

http://climatechangereconsidered.org/

Download with no charge:

https://www.heartland.org/policy-documents/why-scientists-disagree-about-global-warming

Nature, Not Human Activity, Rules the Climate

S. Fred Singer, Editor, NIPCC, 2008

http://www.sepp.org/publications/nipcc_final.pdf

Global Sea-Level Rise: An Evaluation of the Data

By Craig D. Idso, David Legates, and S. Fred Singer, Heartland Policy Brief, May 20, 2019

Challenging the Orthodoxy

Miscommunication in Recent Climate Attribution Studies

By Cliff Mass, Weather Blog, July 21, 2021

https://cliffmass.blogspot.com/2021/07/miscommunication-of-recent-climate.html

Statement of Roger Pielke Jr

To Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, US Senate, July 20, 2021 [H/t Climate Etc.]

Unsettling the apple cart II: Koonin on climate

By John Robson, Climate Discussion Nexus, July 21, 2021

Further review of Steve Koonin’s book by Ross McKitrick

Link to report: Reflecting Sunlight: Recommendations for Solar Geoengineering Research and Research Governance

By Staff, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine, 2021

https://www.nationalacademies.org/our-work/developing-a-research-agenda-and-research-governance-approaches-for-climate-intervention-strategies-that-reflect-sunlight-to-cool-earth

“The Electric Windmill” (Part II)

By Robert Bradley Jr, Master Resource, July 21, 2021

“Ed. note: This completes a two-part excerpt from Tom Bethell’s ‘inadvertent autobiography,’ The Electric Windmill (1988: pp. 105–06). Part I was yesterday.

Link to: Book Review: The Electric Windmill: An Inadvertent Autobiography by Tom Bethell

By David Stewart, Foundation for Economic Freedom, May 1, 1989

https://fee.org/articles/book-review-the-electric-windmill-an-inadvertent-autobiography-by-tom-bethell/

Germany’s “Katrina”: Officials Left Dams Full For Weeks Even With Heavy Rains In The Forecast

By P Gosselin, No Tricks Zone, July 18, 2021

The Weather Follies: Is Climate Change To Blame For Germany’s Flooding?

By Ross Clark, Climate Change Dispatch, July 19, 2021 [H/t Paul Homewood]

“If you want to try to blame last week’s floods on climate change, it is first necessary to argue that the models have been wrong all along – and that actually Germany will suffer greater summer precipitation.

“But then that might undermine climate models in general.”

What a recovery! Hottest ever year causes… coral reefs to grow

By Jo Nova, Her Blog, July 20, 2021

What climate disaster? The Great Barrier Reef has more coral growing on it than ever recorded

By Jo Nova, Her Blog, July 23, 2021

Link to report: Long-Term Monitoring Program

Annual Summary Report of Coral Reef Condition 2020/2021

Reef in recovery window after decade of disturbances

By Staff, Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS), 2021

https://www.aims.gov.au/reef-monitoring/gbr-condition-summary-2020-2021

Defending the Orthodoxy

Radical resetters show their math in new peer-reviewed study

By CFACT, Editorial, July 4, 2021 [H/t Paul Homewood]

https://www.cfact.org/2021/07/04/radical-resetters-show-their-math-in-new-peer-reviewed-study/

Paper reproduced: Socio-economic conditions for satisfying human needs at low energy use: An international analysis of social provisioning

By Jefim Vogel, et al. Global Environmental Change, June 29, 2021

https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/global-environmental-change

From its website: “Global Environmental Change is a peer-reviewed international journal publishing high quality, theoretically and empirically rigorous articles, which advance knowledge about the human and policy dimensions of global environmental change. The journal interprets global environmental change to mean the outcome of processes that are manifest in localities, but with consequences at multiple spatial, temporal and socio-political scales.”

[SEPP Comment: Another “rigorous article” written by those with “advanced knowledge” about global environmental change without the foggiest notion of how greenhouse gases influence global temperatures.]

Defending the Orthodoxy – Bandwagon Science

GAR [Global Assessment Report] Special Report on Drought 2021

By Staff, UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction, 2021 [H/t Climate Etc.]

file:///C:/Users/Owner/Downloads/GAR%20Special%20Report%20on%20Drought%202021.pdf

Comment from Climate Etc: “According to UNDRR report out on drought today, human-caused climate change is expected to have a discernable effect on drought, but that effect is not generally expected to be detectable today.]

Questioning the Orthodoxy

Pielke Jr. On Recent Climate Attribution Claims

By Roger Pielke Jr. Via WUWT, July 23, 2021

1970s-’80s ‘Physics’ Said Doubling CO2 Produced Just 0.2°C – 0.8°C Warming. Then ‘Physics’ Changed.

By Kenneth Richard, No Tricks Zone, July 22, 2021

Climate change: the West’s energy transition narrative ignores the reality in Asia

BP’s latest review of energy use has been presented as positive developments in carbon reduction. However, the facts remain that fossil fuels continue to provide most of the world’s energy needs and that developing Asia is driving demand

By Tilak K. Doshi, South China Morning Post, July 16, 2021

https://www.scmp.com/comment/opinion/article/3141197/climate-change-wests-energy-transition-narrative-ignores-reality

Problems in the Orthodoxy

US urges China to help with climate; As EU fears populist pushback

By AFP Staff Writers, London (AFP), July 20, 2021

https://www.terradaily.com/reports/Kerry_urges_China_to_help_solve_climate_challenge_999.html

“The EU’s environment supremo Frans Timmermans defended his proposals and asked member states to remain open-minded.”

[SEPP Comment: Remain open-minded to plans by the closed-minded?]

Seeking a Common Ground

The Peril of Politicizing Science

By Anna I. Krylov, Journal of Physical Chemistry, Letters, June 10, 2021 [H/t Climate Etc.]

https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.jpclett.1c01475#

Science, Policy, and Evidence

‘Welt’ Commentary: Germany Flood Catastrophe Made Possible By “Inconceivable Ignorance”…”Unbelievable Scandal”

By P Gosselin, No Tricks Zone, July 20, 2021

“For too many years a crusty old bureaucracy focused on climate protection while ignoring protection from the whims of the weather. Their strategy, as unbelievable as it may sound, was to try to produce good weather by cutting CO2 emissions. It’s that stupid.”

Chinese Virus Retrospective: The Shame Of Our Public Health “Experts”

By Francis Menton, Manhattan Contrarian, July 22, 2021

https://www.manhattancontrarian.com/blog/2021-7-22-chinese-virus-retrospective

“The people 44 and under constitute the substantial majority of the population, and for them Covid-19 has either been no worse than, or not nearly as bad as, a regular bad flu season.  Why again were their lives turned inside out?”

[SEPP Comment: The COVID-19 experience illustrated the vanity of “experts” claiming to understand things they don’t.]

Ditching Plastic For Aluminum Is Worse For The Planet

By Will Coggin, Issues & Insights, July 21, 2021

Nevada Democrat introduces bill requiring feds to develop fire management plan

By Zack Budryk, The Hill, July 22, 2021

https://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/564361-nevada-democrat-introduces-bill-requiring-feds-to-develop-fire

[SEPP Comment: “Let it burn” is not working?]

Models v. Observations

Outsize Influence of Central American Orography on Global Climate

By Jane W. Baldwin, AGU Advances, June 9, 2021

https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2020AV000343#.YMI6Ugjsb_U.twitter

From the plain language summary: “Climate models break the earth up into grid boxes to simulate atmosphere and ocean circulations. Since mountain peaks are smaller than these grid boxes, mountains in climate models, including the Sierra Madre, are shorter than in reality. The low bias in these mountains makes the simulation of climate in the tropical East Pacific different than that observed on earth. We show that these differences can be resolved by making mountains in climate models as high as in reality.”

[SEPP Comment: Given the way the Central American Mountains disturb atmospheric circulations; one can only speculate how much the closing of the Central American Seaway about 3 million years ago changed the ocean circulations. But those making claims of CO2 causing warming earlier than 3 million years ago ignore such details.]

Model Issues

Climate regulation changed with the proliferation of marine animals and terrestrial plants

Geoscientific study traces carbon-silicon cycle over three billion years on the basis of lithium isotope levels

Press Release, Johannes Gutenberg Universitaet Mainz, July 15, 2021 [H/t WUWT]

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2021-07/jgum-crc071521.php

Link to paper: A lithium-isotope perspective on the evolution of carbon and silicon cycles

By Boriana Kalderon-Asael, et al. Nature, July 14, 2021

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-021-03612-1

From abstract: “Using a mass-balance modelling approach, we propose that the observed trend in lithium-isotope values reflects a transition from Precambrian carbon and silicon cycles to those characteristic of the modern. We speculate that this transition was linked to a gradual shift to a biologically controlled marine silicon cycle and the evolutionary radiation of land plants,”

Measurement Issues — Surface

Fact-free

By John Robson, Climate Discussion Nexus, July 21, 2021

Fact-free

“So here we point not just to Muir’s work but, again, to the American Climate Reference Network designed to avoid the UHI problem by depending on rural stations, which shows slight cooling in the continental United States since 2005 (about 0.4°C). And as Ronald Barmby observes in his Sunlight on Climate Change (p. 141) ‘It seems odd that the only part of the world that is not warming is where the most advanced temperature recordings are being taken, and in the rest of the world where there are poor data, it is warming.’”

The HadCRUT4 Global Temperature Dataset Now Unveils A Cooling Trend For The Last 7.5 Years

By Kenneth Richard, No Tricks Zone, July 19, 2021

[SEPP Comment: Too short a time for any significant trend.]

Measurement Issues — Atmosphere

Global satellite data shows clouds will amplify global heating

By Staff Writers, London, UK (SPX), Jul 20, 2021

https://www.spacedaily.com/reports/Global_satellite_data_shows_clouds_will_amplify_global_heating_999.html

Link to paper: Observational evidence that cloud feedback amplifies global warming

By Paulo Ceppi and Peer Nowack, PNAS, July 27, 2021

https://www.pnas.org/content/118/30/e2026290118

From the abstract: “Using data from Earth observations and climate model simulations, we here develop a statistical learning analysis of how clouds respond to changes in the environment.”

[SEPP Comment: Model simulations are meaningless science if the models have not been validated using atmospheric data.  If warming amplification exists, why hasn’t the planet cooked before?]

Changing Weather

Current European flood-rich period exceptional compared with past 500 years

By Günter Blöschl, et al. Nature, July 22, 2021 [H/t Climate Etc.]

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-020-2478-3

From the abstract: “We identified nine flood-rich periods and associated regions. Among the periods richest in floods are 1560–1580 (western and central Europe), 1760–1800 (most of Europe), 1840–1870 (western and southern Europe) and 1990–2016 (western and central Europe). In most parts of Europe, previous flood-rich periods occurred during cooler-than-usual phases, but the current flood-rich period has been much warmer. Flood seasonality is also more pronounced in the recent period.”

[SEPP Comment: Apparently the “exceptional” is that now floods are occurring during warmer seasons than previously.]

Long-term variability and trends in meteorological droughts in Western Europe (1851–2018)

By Sergio M. Vicente-Serrano, et al. International Journal of Climatology, June 22, 2020 [H/t Climate Etc.]

https://rmets.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/joc.6719

“Results reveal a general absence of statistically significant long-term trends in the study domain, with the exception of significant trends at some stations, generally covering short periods.”

Alarmists Scaremongering, Ignore Germany’s Long History Of Massive Flooding

CO2 scaremongering and the truth about German floods

By Fred F. Mueller, No Tricks Zone, July 23, 2021

A world protected by windmills? In 1717 Christmas Floods in Germany killed 14,000

By Jo Nova, Her Blog, July 19, 2021

Chinese army warns dam battered by storms could collapse

By AFP Staff Writers, Beijing (AFP), July 20, 2021

https://www.terradaily.com/reports/Chinese_army_warns_dam_battered_by_storms_could_collapse_999.html

The Untouchables

By Tony Heller, His Blog, July 21, 2021

https://realclimatescience.com/2021/07/the-untouchables/

Link to: Review and Update of the 1995 Federal Wildland Fire Management Policy

By Staff, Departments of Interior, Agriculture, Energy, Defense, Commerce, EPA, FEMA, National Association of State Foresters, January 2001

https://web.archive.org/web/20201101021334/https://www.nifc.gov/PIO_bb/Policy/FederalWildlandFireManagementPolicy_2001.pdf

“Twenty-four states have been over 115F, and all occurred with CO2 below 350 PPM.”

[SEPP Comment: List of states, with highest temperatures and when the Wildland Fire Management Policy went to “let it burn.”]

What Controls the Movement of Wildfire Smoke? And a Perfect Forecast for the Next Week.

By Cliff Mass, Weather Blog, July 23, 2021

https://cliffmass.blogspot.com/2021/07/what-controls-movement-of-wildfire.html

Podcast

Fires on the West Coast Produce Smoke and Bad Air on the East Coast

By Cliff Mass, Weather Blog, July 20, 2021

https://cliffmass.blogspot.com/2021/07/fires-on-west-coast-produce-smoke-and.html

[SEPP Comment: Will East Coast power plants be fined for violating Clean Air regulations?]

Signs of a resurgence in La Nina and the potential implications on global temperatures and the upcoming winter season

By Meteorologist Paul Dorian, Peraton, Via WUWT, July 20, 2021

Changing Climate

Northern Russia Summers 2.5 to 7.0C Warmer 7000 Years Ago

By Paul Homewood, Not a Lot of People Know That, July 21, 2021



Source link

Similar Articles

Comments

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Advertismentspot_img

Instagram

Most Popular